Medical Treatment Form
Introduction of department
- The department of pathology at Kyungpook National University Chilgok Hospital makes pathologic diagnoses, which are the most important for clinicians and patients' treatment. Pathologic diagnosis refers to a diagnosis based on abnormal findings of tissues or cells in the diseased area collected from patients through various tests such as endoscopy and surgery performed for diagnostic purposes. Pathologic diagnosis is the final diagnosis for most diseases and allows the clinician to determine treatment options or predict a patient's prognosis.
- The diagnosis service of the department of pathology is largely divided into tissue diagnosis and cell diagnosis. We provide a rapid and accurate pathological diagnosis to clinicians by expert pathologist and more than 20 team members are conducting many pathology tests in histopathology laboratory, cytopathology laboratory, immunopathology laboratory, and molecular pathology laboratory.
- Histopathology is the most basic and widespread work done in the department of pathology. It is a field in which biopsy tissue through an endoscope or tissue of a patient collected by surgery is diagnosed electronically. Through hematoxylin-eosin staining and special staining, malignant tumors (cancer) and benign tumors, and inflammatory diseases are diagnosed, and the stage after surgery is determined. The frozen section test is performed when you want to know whether the tumor is malignant or whether the resection margin is invading the tumor during surgery. Depending on these test results, the patient's surgical range or direction of surgery may be adjusted.
- Cytopathology a body fluid cytology that targets body fluids such as urine, sputum, ascites, and pleural effusion. Body fluid cytology is a simple method that collects cells that have fallen into body fluids and examines them with an optical microscope. As it can be performed multiple times, it is widely used for early diagnosis of disease or follow-up for recurrence after surgery. Aspiration fine needle test has been performed a lot in recent years because it has the advantage of being simple and quick to perform without causing pain to the patient than a tissue biopsy. The pap smear is a critical test regularly performed in women of childbearing age for the early diagnosis of cervical cancer. Through this test, the early detection of uterine cancer has significantly reduced the incidence and mortality of uterine cancer.
- Immunohistochemical staining test
- When the disease cannot be accurately diagnosed with only a routine biopsy, the tumor is accurately diagnosed by reacting an antibody against a specific antigen expressed by the tissue and observing its pattern. Immunopathology tests have high specificity and sensitivity and thus play an essential auxiliary role in pathology diagnosis. In some cancer patients, examining various antigenic proteins expressed by tumors helps determine therapeutic agents and prognosis.
- Molecular pathology test
- Molecular pathology test is performed by analyzing a tissue or cell pathology samples through advanced molecular genetic tests such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), sequencing, microsatellite instability test, and other tumors and infectious diseases. This test is of great help in determining your diagnosis and treatment policy, and prognosis. It is expected to develop remarkably for customized treatments such as immunopathology tests in the future.
|Faculty name||Field of treatment||Remarks|
|Bae, Hanik||Digestive pathology|
|Yoon, Gilsook||Gastrointestinal pathology, urinary pathology|
|Park, Ji Young||Gynecological pathology, cell pathology, thyroid pathology|
|Chung, Jiyoon||Cardiopulmonary pathology, lymphoid reticulum|
|Seo, Anna||Gastrointestinal pathology|
|Park, Jiyoung B||Tumor pathology|